A nurse practitioner (also known as NP) has the main duty to attend to various cases that he encounters at work. Taking care of patients with various needs is the main duty and responsibility in this profession and in the field. The needs that must be fulfilled are various and in some cases the stress will start to make its way up.

This profession, however, is very rewarding since each case will bring a new chance to life and a prosperous way to live in a healthy body. The assignment of the NPs is to establish the cause for the effects that now are seen in a patient’s life, such as depression, high blood pressure, diverse injuries and chronic diseases that affect the body and the way of living.

A nurse practitioner will first establish the causes and then put a diagnostic to the patient and in assistance with other healthcare professionals, such as doctors, the NP will recommend a treatment plan, which is the best for the patient. Another part that is important is to provide adequate consultation for the patients.

The work of an NP can be performed in various settings from hospitals, and up to clinics, governmental facilities, community colleges, schools and other environments, which are related to the field. Whether they are in the public or private domain, their job can be classified in two categories working as part of a team or working on his or her own as an individual.

The job of an NP can be performed in a rural area where the concentration of population according to each state can be higher or lower, as well as the demanding on the business market can vary. Health centers can be encountered, and these centers are managed by nurses who provide and offer their services.

The main duties and responsibilities of an NP can be found in the following description:

  • order the patients diagnostic tests and interpret them
  • treat any potential diseases and various injuries
  • give a clear diagnostic
  • in many cases prescribe medication
  • record medical history
  • offer the perspective of a healthy way of life
  • educate not only the patients but the families as well (to show them and recommend ways to keep healthy standards of life)
  • perform various procedures
  • prescribe treatment plan and provide specific age rehabilitation

The level of experience is very valuable, as well as the level of education achieved across the years of study. You can obtain specialization in various branches of an NP such as primary care, family care, neonatal, pediatric, geriatric and psychiatric care and others.

On the healthcare medical field, every one of these specializations occupies a certain and distinct role that has to be accomplished when it comes to treating a patient. For example, a Family Nurse Practitioner will have to deal with those heath issues of a patient, which are in the patient’s life since a long period of time. The patients can be of various ages from the period of childhood and up to the elderly population.

The duties and responsibilities that can be found in a Family Nurse Practitioner are:

  • putting a diagnose to a wide range of people of various ages
  • offering adequate treatment for each case
  • placing a special attention to the unity of the family
  • maintaining a very organized document record of patients
  • recording medical procedures: treatment protocol, results, and recommendations.
  • providing specific instructions to patients and their families
  • investigating and introducing new knowledge in her or his clinical practices

A Family Nurse Practitioner creates a good and opened atmosphere at her or his working place by establishing good connections and a valid communication with the team members (from the team, which he is part of) in order to facilitate the partnership, and the common field of work.

The environment in which a Family Nurse Practitioner is performing her duties is various, and the payment is diverse due to the level of preparation that one has gained as well, due to the level of education and other factors that influence the job a lot.

These professionals are equipped to work in hospitals, community health organizations, private clinics and health centers, even to run their own business, governmental facilities and other public or private healthcare systems.

For someone working in this area of expertise, the annual income will be estimated to range in the US between $66,478 per year and $106,892 per year and even more, according to many influential area or location factors.

A Pediatric Nurse Practitioner can find work in consultation alongside of another healthcare provider such as a physician, where it can attend the needs of children up to 17 or even more of age, or neonatal, this according to the job that one individual chooses to perform.

Different work situations can be encountered when the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner will hold the patient’s case and treat him or her. Their level of education will involve possessing a master’s degree or a doctorate degree in the field of nursing. Their work is mainly common with that of a doctor, this involving medical examination of patients, recommending necessary medication for the treatment, and establishing a diagnosis.

The main difference that exists between a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner and a common one is that with this specialization, the first professional (the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner) has the authority to give a diagnostic and to prescribe the necessary medication without being required to consult with a doctor.

The duties and the responsibilities that can be found in the work of a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner assume:

  • keeping the patient’s medical records and documentation
  • performing check-ups
  • diagnosing the children’s conditions
  • treating diverse injuries and providing education for the parents in order to enhance the children rehabilitation earlier

Those Pediatric Nurse Practitioners who obtained a more advanced education are able to perform other procedures such as ultrasound, x-rays, blood tests and other various types of laboratory tests. A Pediatric Nurse can work in many medical facilities from doctor’s offices up to hospitals and even run their own healthcare business.

The salary for a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner that can be gained is comprised between $59,354 per year and up to $109,357 per year, this varying according to factors that influence the economic gaining of someone working in this profession a lot.

A Geriatric Nurse is the one responsible for treating the elderly population and providing the right care and the necessary guidance not only for the patients they deal with, but they also need to inform the families about how to handle various situations.

Their job description will comprise duties and responsibilities such as:

  • assisting the doctor at determining and prescribing the adequate treatment plan
  • designing and applying an exercise program for patients to help them recover
  • counselling the elderly and their families
  • treating various patient problems and offering the necessary care
  • keeping a history record of each patient
  • teaching patients how to manage their illnesses, as well as their caregivers

A Geriatric Nurse Practitioner will encounter many cases of people who suffer from acute and chronic illnesses such as diabetes, kidney diseases, Alzheimer’s, dementia, or other illnesses. The care of the patient in many cases can be complex since the elderly population has to struggle with more than one medical issue. Due to this fact, some of the patients might need palliative care on how to manage their diseases.

As a Geriatric Nurse Practitioner, you’ll be required to understand and have knowledge on adult development, not to mention being compassionated and offering the necessary support for each of your patients and their families.

Your work can be performed in many areas of the healthcare system that will include a variety of settings such as hospitals, retirement communities, hospice facilities and private doctor’s offices. The median average salary for Geriatric Nurse Practitioner is estimated to be at $61,762 per year.

A Neonatal Nurse Practitioner is that professional who evaluates, supervises, and classifies the illness of a neonate patient, as well as analyses their behaviours. One of the main duties that can be found in her job chart is to supervise the life and well-being of the neonates who are in the care of the Neonatal Nurse Practitioner.

The main attributions that a Neonatal Nurse Practitioner has are:

  • putting an efficient and correct diagnose to her or his patients
  • operating with the medical machines or apparatus linked with the job
  • conducting the laboratory tests
  • recommending appropriate treatment protocols to the neonate patients
  • performing IVs where necessary and prescribing medication
  • communicating with families and parents and informing them on the potential health issues, medical consequences and how to perform an adequate care for the newborn.

The average salary for a Neonatal Nurse Practitioner is estimated to be comprised between $78,042 per year and up to $122,263 per year. A Neonatal Nurse Practitioner job is mainly performed in the nursery settings where they take care of the newborns in their first 28 days of life. Their main domain of duty is conducted in NICUs or with other words in Neonatal Intensive Care Units.

A Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner is one of the healthcare providers who have usually obtained a Ph. D. Their work can involve prescribing adequate medication, as well as acting as therapists even though they don’t have the authorization to conduct any of the psychological tests. They can be part of assisting psychologists and psychiatrists to determine a course of the treatment after reviewing the tests’ results.

The duties and responsibilities of a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner will involve:

  • giving a diagnostic for patients who are suffering of mental diseases
  • providing and prescribing adequate medication for those who are dealing with psychiatric illnesses
  • using psychotherapy in mental health conditions of the patients
  • counselling the families on how to deal with the healing process of the patient

The work environment for a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner can be found in many settings such as hospitals, private practice, nursing homes, group practices, government agencies and various other medical facilities.

For a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner or mental health practitioner as it is known by in other countries the average salary in the US is estimated to reach $91,107 per year.

An Oncology Nurse Practitioner is one of the healthcare providers who deal a lot with patients who have cancer. The duties and responsibilities that are to be found in a job in this field comprise:

  • diagnosing the patients who are suffering from cancer
  • establishing and determining a regime treatment to follow
  • advising the patient to the opportunity of participating in clinical trials
  • monitoring the patient’s medical condition
  • recording the process of each patient
  • keeping a medical history of the patient
  • administering the right treatment procedures such as chemotherapy
  • managing any of the side effects of the chemotherapy
  • educating patients on their options, treatment procedures, and particularities of the illness

Their work involves as well to be compassionate about each case that many times can be very difficult, as well as to provide the necessary support and counseling for the patient and his or her family. Oncology Nurse Practitioners can work in various settings such as specialty hospitals, medical offices, ambulatory care centers or they will offer home healthcare. A professional in this specialty can work with various people of all ages from children and up to adults.

For someone working in this profession, a median average salary is estimated to be at about $65,473 per year. However, this salary is also influenced according to the type of work that you perform and the geographic location in which you are working and other factors on which this job is based on.

The people who are in need will always find care and support in these professional hands because their work is very valuable in each of the contexts that were described earlier. This is valid, since each of these specializations mentioned above will treat patients according to their illnesses, diseases and medical conditions.

It is also very important that the experience gained is of great value, if we are to think about the accent that is put when being hired.

The skills that were gained during the years of study and in the clinical practice will bring you to better result than ever before since communication is essential in this line of duty.